Victoria County

The Municipality of Victoria County was officially proclaimed in April, 1851, and as Queen Victoria was ruling Britain, the newly formed county was named in her honour.


Victoria County is located in the heart of Cape Breton Island and features the start-and-end point of the world-famous Cabot Trail. Also situated on Bras d’Or Lake, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, the county is home to scenic coastal drives and tight-knit communities that make the area a welcoming place to live.


Victoria County has a population of 7,089 and the average age of residents is 43.  The county’s workforce is made up of 3,720 people comprising a range of skills and occupations.

With more businesses per capita than any other municipality in Nova Scotia, there is a strong entrepreneurial spirit in Victoria County. There are 1,123 businesses operating in the county and most are small businesses or self-employed entrepreneurs.


Tourism and the fisheries are the key drivers of Victoria County’s economy.

Tourists are drawn to the renowned Cabot Trail, some of the country’s best cycling routes, stunning ocean vistas, old-growth forests, and the breathtaking highlands. Other attractions include the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site and Cape Breton Highlands National Park, as well as two of Canada’s top ranked golf courses – Highlands Links and Bell Bay, and outdoor activities like hiking, sea kayaking, whale watching, and arts and culture activities.

Fishing and fish processing are another dominant feature of Victoria County’s economy. Home to many licensed fishermen and fish companies, the county also boasts a significant number of seafood processing and manufacturing operations, and aquaculture-based businesses.